Why Is Starch Good for the Body?
There are three types of carbohydrates: fiber, sugars and starch. While many weight-loss diets suggest heavy restriction of starch and other carbs, the notion that carbohydrates themselves are fattening is a myth, says the Weight-Control Information Network. Many starchy foods are highly nutritious and bring valuable benefits to a healthy diet.
How Starches Work
Carbohydrates are your body's primary fuel source. After you eat, your digestive system converts them into glucose, or blood sugar, which your body uses to energize your tissues, cells and organs. Whatever is leftover is stored in your liver and muscles for later use. As a complex carbohydrate source, starchy foods, often simply called starches, tend to be high in fiber -- a carbohydrate that promotes healthy digestive function and blood sugar control. Complex carbohydrate sources break down slower than simple carbohydrates, such as sugar and juice, providing longer-lasting energy and fullness between meals.
Healthy Starch Sources
Foods high in starch include legumes, such as beans and lentils, vegetables, such as potatoes and butternut squash, and grains, such as rice and flour. Whole foods containing starch, including vegetables, legumes and whole grains, are valuable sources of fiber, vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. One medium baked sweet potato with the peel provides over 2 grams of protein, nearly 4 grams of fiber and rich amounts of vitamin A. Legumes and whole grains also provide richer amounts of protein. Particularly nutritious whole-grain foods include brown rice, air-popped popcorn, quinoa and 100 percent whole-grain breads and cereals.
Sources to Avoid
Not all starchy foods are chock-full of nutrients. When grains are refined to make processed foods, such as white flour and instant rice, the starchy part is removed, lessening the its nutritional content significantly. Americans consume too many refined grains, according to the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, and a healthy diet limits them, leaving more room for nutritious fare. To avoid weight gain, Type 2 diabetes and other risks of eating too many refined grains, limit or avoid foods that list refined grains, such as white or enriched flour, as the main ingredient. Common examples include egg noodles, saltines, pretzels, cookies, cakes and cornflakes.
How Much to Eat
To meet your basic nutritional needs, the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends making sure that at least half of the grains you eat are whole grains. This is equal to at least 3 ounces per day for women and men over age 50 and at least 3.5 to 4 ounces per day for younger men. Overall, carbohydrates should account for 45 to 65 percent of your diet. Based on a 2,000-calorie diet, this amounts to 900 to 1,300 calories daily or 225 to 325 grams. If you eat 1,500 calories per day, this amounts to 675 to 975 calories or 169 to 244 grams.
- Weight-Control Information Network: Weight-Loss and Nutrition Myths
- MedlinePlus: Carbohydrates
- Harvard School of Public Health: Carbohydrates and Blood Sugar
- American Diabetes Association: Types of Carbohydrates
- Vegan Resource Group: Protein in the Vegan Diet
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans
- USDA National Nutrient Database: Sweet Potato, Cooked, Baked with Skin
- Harvard Health Publications: Good Nutrition: Should Guidelines Differ for Men and Women?
- USDA ChooseMyPlate.gov: How Many Grain Foods Are Needed Daily?
August McLaughlin is a health and sexuality writer, podcast host and author of “Girl Boner: The Good Girl’s Guide to Sexual Empowerment” (Amberjack Publishing, 2018). Her articles appear in DAME Magazine, Cosmopolitan.com, the Huffington Post and more, and she loves connecting with readers through her blog and social media. augustmclaughlin.com