Feet Swelling Warns of Circulation Problems
Diabetics must take extra special care of their feet. Swelling in the feet is a signal that there's a problem with circulation in the body, which can lead to neuropathy (nerve damage in the extremities). When this situation becomes serious, it can lead to amputation of a foot or leg. Diabetics should check their feet every day, visit their doctor regularly and have their feet examined to guard against this serious problem.
Give the Doc a Jingle If You Have a Foot Tingle
Diabetics should have a keen sense about how their feet should feel, so they learn to recognize the warning signs before the feet actually start swelling. An important indication is when tingling is felt in the feet. Numbness, throbbing or a feeling of burning in the feet are also signs. If any of these occur, check your blood sugar levels and call your doctor.
Daily Foot Care Guards Against Swelling
Diabetics need daily foot care to check for any new cuts, scrapes or blisters. Clean these carefully and cover with clean bandages to avoid dirt causing an infection. If you notice a sore that doesn't heal or a red swollen spot, have these checked by your doctor. Massage your feet daily with creams, lotions, oils or even petroleum jelly products to keep the feet smooth and moisturized. If the feet become dried out, they may crack and bleed. Diabetics must not develop infections in their feet, as this would increase the seriousness of any swelling due to circulation problems.
Don't Tip-Toe Around Toenail Maintenance
Diabetics need to keep the toenails trimmed properly but not too short. Long toenails are difficult to keep clean underneath, which can cause infections of the feet. If you're not able to care for your toenails, make regular appointments with a podiatrist or foot specialist to help in the care of your toenails and feet. Keeping your toenails healthy and trimmed will detour any swelling from developing in the feet due to infections.
If the Shoe Fits, the Diabetic Can Wear It
Wearing shoes is a "must do" for a diabetic to protect the feet against rough walking surfaces. They need shoes that fit properly and that have adequate support. Adjust the shoe fit so it doesn't rub blisters or cause calluses. Even the socks worn should be of excellent quality and in materials such as pure cotton or wool. There are socks specifically designed for diabetics that offer excellent support for the feet and help with circulation. Wear shoes or socks to keep the feet of a diabetic protected from both heat, which will cause swelling, and cold, which will cause drying and cracking. Pampering the diabetic's feet with proper shoes can guard against swelling in the feet, therefore alleviating many possible problems.