Turf Shoes versus Cleats
In 1526, the first recorded sport shoe was a "football boot" in King Henry VIII's Great Wardrobe. In so many words, this was an early pair of soccer cleats. Over the next 500 years, sports shoes changed considerably, evolving to today's molded cleats and turf shoes found in football, soccer, baseball, lacrosse and other sports. On turf fields, you can choose between rubber or metal cleats, or turf shoes which have the same midsole as running shoes or sneakers. The only difference being the outsole.
Features of cleats vs turf shoes
Cleats consist of a standard designed shoe on all sides and come in high top and low-top heights. The bottom of the shoe varies in stiffness depending on the make and manufacturer, and is usually covered with eight to 15 cleat studs. Cleat studs can be made of metal or rubber nubs, depending on the sport, and are limited to a length of a half inch by most leagues.
Turf shoes are designed with maximum mobility in mind and offer more cushioning on the sole of the shoe. The height of turf shoes is mostly low-top, and the underside of the shoe features dozens of small rubber studs with very little spacing between each stud.
Function of turf shoes vs cleats
The main purpose of a cleat is to provide you with maximum traction in a soft or wet grass field or mud laden playing surface. The height of the shoe varies depending on the amount of ankle support you desire. Low tops provide minimal ankle support but allow maximum mobility, while high tops provide strong ankle support but severely limit your mobility. The cleat studs are meant to dig into ground upon impact to help avoid slippage.
Turf shoes are designed specifically for artificial grass surfaces and firm ground The small rubber studs grip the turf surface and assist in pushing off on a foot with minimal slippage. However, these softball or soccer shoes cannot be worn on natural grass unlike cleats.
On a sloppy, muddy field, cleats can provide you with traction and the ability to change direction without falling or pulling a muscle due to an unexpected slip. The sole sturdiness of cleats also reduces your chance of pulling a muscle on the bottom of your foot or suffering from turf toe. Turf shoes, while on muddy fields may be rendered useless, can be ideal on artificial turf. Thanks to the gripping action of the tiny rubber cleats, you can achieve much higher speeds than if you were wearing running in shoes or cleats.
Some sports such as baseball sometimes involve a field that consists of both artificial surfaces and dirt. While turf baseball shoes may provide excellent traction on the artificial turf in the outfield, you may find that cleats allow for much better traction on the dirt infield. Take into account your position on the field when choosing your type of shoe. For a baseball player playing in the infield, baseball cleats might be the best move.
Injuries are unfortunately a common drawback of playing competitive sports, especially those involving intense physical activity. It's not uncommon for even well-trained professional athletes to take one misstep and twist or break an ankle while wearing low-top shoes. Artificial turf field shoes also provide very little sole support, and while they may allow for more mobility and traction, they have been known to cause a much higher number of turf toe injuries than cleats.
Nicholas Bragg, a lifelong athlete and certified personal trainer, attended four separate colleges from Maryland to California, finishing in 2004. Named to the CEO's club as an elite performer at Intuit in 2009, he changed careers in 2010 and now contributes writing to Mahalo and SportswithM.