Fundamental Skills & Rules in Badminton

Fundamental Skills & Rules in Badminton

Badminton is a fairly easy game to learn and fun to play casually and competitively. Basic badminton skills include learning how you hold the racket, serve the shuttle and move your feet. You can practice drills to improve your game. Rules and scoring are established for singles and doubles games.


You will want to learn how to hold your racket with the forehand to hit shuttles on that side of your body and backhand to hit on the opposite side. You will use a forehand grip to hit above your head as well. You can hit the shuttle using a backhand grip with your elbow up or down. It is good to practice hitting with these grips to improve your skills.


Your footwork can bring more success to your game if you learn the basics of moving on the court and practice them. Your ready position should include standing in the center of the court if you are playing singles and bending your knees with your body relaxed and waiting for play. Move your feet by shuffling them or gliding from left to right and stepping or lunging forward. To move backward, go fast enough that you get behind the shuttle to hit it hard enough.


Four types of badminton serves include: 1) the high serve to move your opponent to the back of his or her side of the court; 2) the low serve to make your opponent have to get under the shuttle; 3) the flick serve that is used occasionally to confuse your opponent who thinks you are going to hit a low serve; 4) the drive serve where you hit the shuttle low, fast and to the rear of the receiver's court as a strategy move that will result in a missed hit.


Simple badminton rules include a scoring system where you play until you score 21 points. Three games constitute a match. A point is scored each time there is a serve and the side that wins the rally scores the point. You have to win by at least 2 points unless the game reaches 29 and there is still not a winner. The first side to score 30 points wins. If you win a game you will serve first in the next game.


To begin a singles game of badminton you will serve from the right side of the court. After the initial serve, the position depends on the server's score. If your score is even, you serve from the right and if it is odd you serve from the left. In addition, if the server wins the rally he will continue to serve, and if the receiver wins, the next serve goes to the receiver.


In doubles play, serving goes back and forth between partners. The serving side is the same as in singles play in terms of even score serves from right and odd score from left. The serving partner alternates court sides if she continues to score during a rally and will serve until a rally is lost. When the serve comes back to the team the partner will serve next.

Additional Rules

The Badminton World Federation rules state that there is a 60-second interval when the winning team scores the 11th point. In addition, two-minute intervals are taken between games. If a match reaches three games, there is a change of ends when the winning side scores 11 points.