Inpatient Morbid Obesity Treatment
Inpatient weight loss programs involve a stay of several weeks or months in a hospital or facility committed to assisting obese or morbidly obese patients with weight control. Qualified staff members study and monitor the patient. Programs may include bariatric surgery, a low calorie diet, weight loss drugs, physical therapy, exercise and psychotherapy.
Study and Monitoring
In all programs, patients are monitored for vital signs and weight loss. Sometimes, doctors and research scientists monitor body mass index and muscle to fat ratios and perform other tests.
National Institutes of Health statistics show the demand for weight loss surgery has skyrocketed in the past 12 years. There was a nine-fold increase in the total number of bariatric surgeries between 1998 and 2004.
Low Calorie Diet
Patients may be placed on a liquid or solid food diet of less than 1,000 calories per day, at least for the first portion of the program.
Weight Loss Drugs
Prescription weight loss medications may be considered for longterm treatment of morbid obesity, but only as a supplement to diet and exercise.
Physical Therapy and Exercise
Physical therapists focus on safe and efficient movement; flexibility, balance, strength, and endurance; improvement of pain; and independence in obese patients. Trained exercise specialists start patients at their current fitness levels and help develop a plan that can be maintained at home.
Psychological support may be necessary in order to help patients deal with postoperative stress and to find ways to handle underlying psychological, psychosocial and environmental problems.
Based in Fairland, Ind., Kelley Walker Perry has been writing professionally since 1999. Her articles have appeared in “The Shelbyville News” and “The Daily Journal” newspapers, and in “At the Center” magazine. Walker Perry is a Hoosier State Press Association award winner for Best Profile Feature. Her short story, “Lake Effect,” placed 18th in the Lorian Hemingway Short Story Competition in 2007.