How to Make a Mongolian Horse Bow at Home

    Step 1

    Find a pine sapling that is fairly straight and free of knots and bumps. It should be approximately 2 inches wide. Trim this sapling with the knife to no longer than the length of two of your arms. Any longer and the bow will be difficult to fire from the back of a horse. Strip the bark off the sapling with your hands and allow to dry overnight.

    Step 2

    Decide which side of your sapling will be the back or the belly of the bow. Draw a straight line with a pencil down the back of the bow. Secure the bow in the vice with this line facing up.

    Step 3

    Use the knife and file to give the bow some shape. A Mongolian horse bow should be wider in the middle and taper down towards the ends. The exact shape is up to you, but the bow should be comfortable to use. The widest part of the bow is the grip and should be in the center of the bow. When shaping the ends of the bow, be sure that they are at least 2 inches wide by 1/2 inch wide. Any thinner than 1/2 inch and the wood may not be strong enough to bear the weight and pressure of the bow.

    Step 4

    Sand the bow completely smooth to prevent slivers. Use several leather straps to fasten the bow to a bench, belly-side up. The straps should hold the bow completely straight. Place the bench in the sun to dry for at least three days to gain the necessary flexibility.

    Step 5

    Unstrap the bow and use the knife to carve a notch approximately 1 inch deep into each end of the bow. These are the nocks that will hold the bow string in place.

    Step 6

    Varnish the entire bow with the varnish of your choice. Use a quality paintbrush and try to avoid brush strokes. Follow the manufacturer's directions to determine drying time.

    Step 7

    Apply glue to the grip area and secure the leather grip in place. Trim to size if needed. Allow the glue to dry according to the manufacturer's directions.

    Step 8

    Tie one end of the bow string to one of the nocks. Tighten the string and secure it to the second nock. Experiment a little to find the perfect tension. Once you've achieved a comfortable tension, the bow is ready to use.


  • Do not make your bow any longer than necessary. The goal is to easily move the bow from one side of the horse to the other while riding at speed, so the shorter the bow the better.


  • Wear protective eye gear when working with bow strings to protect your eyes in the event of a recoil.

Things Needed

  • Pine sapling
  • Vice
  • Sharp knife
  • File
  • Sandpaper
  • Leather straps
  • Varnish
  • Paintbrush
  • Leather grip
  • Wood glue
  • Nylon bow string

About the Author

Leigh-Ann Andersen has been a writer for more than 15 years. She has experience writing feature articles, novels, short stories, nonfiction books, biographies, essays, editorial pieces and research reports. Andersen is also well versed in creating strong Web content for a variety of clients. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in English from the University of Winnipeg.