An estimated 2.3 million Americans practice the Chinese martial art and health training exercise known as tai chi. Tai chi is considered by many to be a form of "moving meditation" in which the practitioners move their bodies gently and slowly while focusing on their breathing and awareness of each movement. Developed in ancient China, tai chi was originally used for martial arts training purposes, but later people started practicing it for its holistic health benefits. The exercise incorporates key Chinese traditional health concepts such as the balance of ying and yang and the flow of yi or life force. Tai chi improves muscle strength, flexibility, balance and coordination. Many claim the exercise also improves sleep, reduces pain and stiffness and improves overall wellness.
More than 15 million Americans currently practice yoga. Originating in India, yoga refers to a wide range of mental and physical disciplines deeply tied to Buddhist and Hindu spiritual belief and philosophy. Traditional yoga focuses on meditation, mindfulness and achieving oneness with the universe, though the extent to which yoga practitioners incorporate these concepts into their routine depends on their beliefs. Most yoga fitness classes focus on learning new poses called asanas and improving one's current poses. Yoga is associated with a wide range of health benefits, including improved strength, flexibility, posture, cardiac health and breathing. Many people also practice yoga to reduce stress, improve their level of concentration and feel better overall.
Closely related to tai chi, qigong is another Asian practice designed as a form of physical and mental training for martial arts, self-enlightenment, and health. The goal of qigong is to strengthen, cleanse and improve life energy circulation through the use of breathing techniques, meditation and gentle movements. Chinese archaeologists and historians estimate that people have been practicing qigong for nearly 5,000 years. Qigong has had great influence on a number of other Chinese alternative medicine and healing traditions. Qigong's three main types--meditative, dynamic and static--all differ slightly in their application and objectives. Qigong is often used in alternative and complementary medicine for treating arthritis, back pain, balance issues, stress and hypertension.