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What Types of Articulations & Movements Are Occurring When You Sit Down & Stand Up?

Types of Articulations

Your ankle, knee and hip joints are all considered synovial, or freely movable articulations. Your knees and ankles are hinge-type articulations, meaning that they allow movement in only one plane, similar to a door hinge. Your hips are considered ball-and-socket joints in which a rounded head of one bone fits into the cavity of the other and allows for both rotational movement as well as movement in any plane, or direction.

Muscles Involved

Movement at the hips is primarily handled by the gluteus maximus muscle. Your quadriceps muscles at the front of your thighs are responsible for movement at your knees, and the soleus muscles in your calves control movement in your ankles. When you stand up, these muscles contract concentrically, or shorten as they contract. When you sit down, your muscles contract eccentrically, or lengthen as they contract, to help you control your body and resist the pull of gravity as you lower yourself.

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About the Author

Kim Nunley has been screenwriting and working as an online health and fitness writer since 2005. She’s had multiple short screenplays produced and her feature scripts have placed at the Austin Film Festival. Prior to writing full-time, she worked as a strength coach, athletic coach and college instructor. She holds a master's degree in kinesiology from California State University, Fullerton.

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