Nine Fitness Components of Cricket
Cricket is a team sport played using a bat and ball on an oval-shaped outdoor arena. During the course of a cricket game you'll experience long rest intervals with short bursts of high intensity. As a result, specific components of fitness are essential for a high-level of cricket performance.
Strength is your ability to apply force using a single muscle or combination of muscle groups. In cricket your strength plays an important role in preventing chronic and acute injuries and in increasing your performance. Building your strength can be achieved with traditional weight lifting and exercises such as squats, lunges, presses and Olympic lifts.
Stamina and Endurance
Cricket involves continuous changes from high intensity to rest. During the periods of high intensity, it’s critical that you use energy quickly for maximum speed, strength and power output. Stamina refers to your body’s ability to process, deliver, store and utilize energy, which is an essential fitness component of cricket. Matches can last anywhere from one hour to several hours. As a result, endurance is a fitness component that can improve your performance. Endurance involves the ability of your cardiovascular and respiratory systems to gather, process and deliver oxygen to working tissues and muscles.
Speed is your ability to repeat movements in a short time frame, and cricket players use speed while running on offense and defense. You can build and improve your speed using plyometric exercises, shuttle sprints or speed workouts.
Coordination and Agility
The ability to field, throw and hit requires a high-level of coordination and agility. Coordination in cricket refers to your ability to combine several complex movement patterns into one smooth movement. You can improve your coordination through repeated practice sessions reinforcing proper mechanics. Agility refers to your ability to minimize the transition time between movements. In cricket you use agility while playing defense and running the bases to score a run.
Accuracy and Power
The fitness component of accuracy refers to your ability to control movements in a specific direction or specific intensity. Similar to coordination, you can improve your accuracy through repeated practice. Power is your ability to apply a maximum amount of force in a minimum amount of time. Improving your power can be achieved by improving your strength with strength training, Olympic lifts, plyometrics and speed training. In cricket your accuracy and power are essential fitness components for bowling and batting.
Flexibility is a common fitness component and refers to your ability to maximize the range of motion of your joints and muscles. With improved flexibility you can also improve your speed, agility and other fitness components. Flexibility can be improved with stretching after your practice sessions or strength and conditioning workouts.
Based in Nebraska, Jeremy Hoefs began writing fitness, nutrition, outdoor and hunting articles in 2006. His articles have been published in "Star City Sports," "Hunting Fitness Magazine" and RutWear field journals, as well as on the Western Whitetail website. Hoefs graduated with a Bachelor of Science in exercise science from Nebraska Wesleyan University.