Indoor and Outdoor Fields
The difference in equipment between indoor field hockey and outdoor field hockey is powered by the difference in the size of the playing field. The outdoor field is similar in size to a football field, 100 yards long and 60 yards wide. There are as many as 16 players on each team. The indoor hockey field is between 40 to 50 yards long and 22 yards long. There are only five or six players on the indoor team. These differences mean that slightly different type stick is needed for each sport.
Outdoor field hockey sticks were originally made out of hardwood. Mulberry and hickory were considered to be the best wood to fabricate the sticks. Elm and ash were also sometimes used. Today you can also buy composite sticks. These are made of wood combined with other materials such as fiberglass or carbon fiber. If you are a beginner you will want to look for a flexible stick that reduces power but lets you control the ball more efficiently. An expert player wants a heavier stick with less flexibility to get off those hard shots and firm passes.
Indoor hockey sticks are lighter and more flexible than outdoor sticks. They also can be made of wood. All of the components such as the shaft and the blade are slightly smaller than their outdoor counterparts. There are also pure composite sticks, meaning they are fabricated entirely of man-made materials.You can also find sticks that combine manmade and natural components. Indoor sticks are designed to be lighter and more flexible to reduce the velocity of shots and to be less dangerous on the smaller field. An indoor stick can be broken quite easily if you use it for the outdoor game.
Indoors and Outdoors
Of course, depending on the league you are playing in, you can use an outdoor stick indoors. The heavier construction makes it more difficult to do intricate moves, and its lack of flexibility can hurt someone in the tight surroundings. If you play in a well organized, refereed situation, you will not be able to use an outdoor stick indoors. On the other hand you can always opt for the indoor stick to play the outdoor game. You will lose some power on your shots and passes but will have great control of the ball. Because of its lighter construction it can be easily broken playing in the rougher outdoor game.